This book is a companion volume of A Textbook of Chemical Technology Volume-I, written by the same author. The two books cover the complete syllabi of Chemical Engineering and Chemical Technology programmes leading to the B.Tech. degree. The book explains the basic principles of chemical engineering and operating conditions of chemical plants in India. It discusses all major organic chemical industries including petroleum technology, petro-chemicals, polymer science, pulp and paper technology. It also deals with pesticides, coal and coal chemicals and the pharmaceutical industry. Keeping the importance of environmental protection and prevention and control of hazards in mind, a few chapters on planned industrial development, environmental impact assessment and prevention of hazards in chemical industries have also been included. This book will also serve as a reference for practicing engineers and technologists.