This book is designed to provide a comprehensive introduction to the subject. It is a student-oriented textbook as it satisfies the requirements of students for an exhaustive exposure to the principles and practices of human resource management in a clear, direct and easily understandable manner. The book focuses on two themes—the need to take a strategic orientation at all levels of the firm and the fact that true competitive advantage lies in a firm’s human resources. It would be useful to MBA students and other post-graduate students of management who are specializing in human resource management. The book is also useful for the practicing HR Professional.